Weapon Of Medieval Times – from Farm Implements to Catapults

If it could kill, it was a weapon of medieval times. From simple farm tools such as an axe or scythe to more elaborate steel weapons like the broadsword and lance to even castle wall crushing trebuchets, the Middle Ages was a time of great growth in the field of war craft as the different weapon of medieval times examples will show.


The Middle Ages started out with a predominance of low-grade iron cast weapons and ended with fine steel as the material of choice. On the field of battle, the weapon of medieval times was the catapult where trebuchets brought a whole new life to siege.

The different weapon of medieval times choices were heavily dependent upon economic class. Peasant warriors conscripted into battle used whatever they could find to find. Simple bows, farm tools, pikes, spears and the such were in the hands of the less fortunate. While these are considered simple weapon of medieval times examples, don’t discount their effectiveness, especially if a fighter could afford a small bit of metal to tip the ends of pikes or upgrade the effectiveness of spears or knives.

The stereotypical weapon of medieval times – the sword – was an implement left mainly for the privileged classes. Iron and steel were expensive and the craftsmanship behind elaborate weapon of medieval times pieces was hard to come by for the average man. The Middle Ages saw huge advancements in sword making with the more expanded use of steel. A typical sword weapon of medieval times was double-edged, had a pommel and some sort of hand protection. Each became more detailed and elaborate as steel working advanced in the period.

By the 14th and 15th centuries, new types of swords had made their way onto the fields of battle. The bastard sword was named for its quality as both a one handed and two-handed weapon. Unlike its earlier weapon of medieval times counterparts, the bastard sword had a more tapered end, evidence of the workability of steel. Also new on the weapon of medieval times scene in this period was the broad sword and several other examples of more elegant weaponry.

As weapon of medieval times examples for individuals advanced, so too did the weapons used by armies. Catapults became more accurate and deadly. Perhaps the greatest introduction to siege warfare is an example of a weapon of medieval times – the trebuchet. This offshoot of a standard catapult was massive and so too were its projectiles. A well-built trebuchet could handle missiles of weights up to 300 pounds, making it much more difficult for castle walls to withstand this new weapon of medieval times. The trebuchet was so effective at destruction its use is recorded well beyond the Middle Ages.

While some considered the Middle Ages a dark period devoid of learning and progress, the weapon of medieval times advancements show this is simply not the case. Although scholarly learning was at a minimum, much experimentation and breakthrough took place in the arts of war.