How to Defend Your Castle
Methods and strategy used to defend your castle are not the same as defending your modern day apartment or house. Castles are immense structures that could have been left very vulnerable.
However, royal guards devised many plans of defense for different types of attacks. Even during the construction of the castle, the castle’s defense system is taken into consideration. For example the use of moats and high walls is purely for the protection of the castle.
Often castles were located on top of large hills. Why is that? Well, if the castles were located on low terrain, enemies would have the advantage because the castle would be easily accessible. A choice one would surely regret when the time came to defend your castle.
Now, if the castle is located on a steep hill that rises thousands of feet high into the air, it would take considerably more effort to reach the castle and this effort would tire the invading troops. This would give the castle troops more of an advantage because they are preparing for battle inside the castle; not climbing a very steep hill. This location also protected the castle from the common attack of digging a mine underneath the castle. Because of the steepness of the hill (and sheer amount of earth beneath the castle), this digging tactic became nearly impossible.
Another possible location for a castle would be on a river or coast allowing the residents to abandon the castle en masse or to protect the most important people by using the water as an escape route. However, this location would also mean attackers would have an easy port entry into the castle and would require guards to be posted in areas where they could easily see invaders approaching from the port side.
The rounded shape of the castle towers enabled the castle guards to have a panoramic view of what was happening down below. There was little to no room for an enemy to hide because the guards in the towers could see every corner of the kingdom. The windows were normally arched so that an archer would be able to view his enemy and attack without being seen or at the least being afforded some protection by the arched window. Towers should be a very important consideration in your strategy to defend your castle.
As mentioned before, the high castle walls made it nearly impossible for a man to climb over. The walls were also built very strongly. Therefore, it was difficult to pulverize through these walls and trying to burn them down was a useless tactic in the case of the stone walls. The height of the castle walls also provided an aerial advantage over the enemy. The mote made it very difficult, if not impossible, for the invading army to get close enough to attempt to climb the castle walls using ladders and ropes.
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